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Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation Blog

 

Happy Valentine's Day! All year long, we receive some of the best love letters from our amazing supporters. Letters, photos and artwork arrive from near and far--sharing with us the amazing grassroots fundraising and lemon stand hosting efforts of children, families, schools, companies and individuals.  It is wonderful to see how Alex's legacy is growing and how people everywhere are making a difference in the fight for cures for childhood cancer.   

We are inspired when you all share the love. Check out some of our favorites:

Want to see more letters from our mailbag? Check out some of the great love letters we've received here. 

 

Happy February! You can help Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation raise awareness of the need for childhood cancer research and cures for all children! Each month we will share a new "shareable," an image for you to share with your social media network. Every time we start a conversation about childhood cancer, we bring ourselves closer to cures.

Sharing is easy! Links to the shareable on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and Instagram posts are below. Simply click share, like, retweet, favorite or pin to help spread the word and raise awareness! We will find cures, one share at a time!

To share on Facebook, Like and Share this post:

Introducing our social shareable of the month! Share this post with your network to help us raise awareness of the need...

Posted by Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation on Monday, February 1, 2016

You can also Retweet and favorite the shareable on Twitter:

And don't forget to Pin this post!

 

Be sure to give the post a like on Instagram!

Thank you!

Alex's Mom, Liz Scott, read this heartfelt letter to her daughter Alex at the 2016 Lemon Ball.

Dear Alex,

It is hard to believe it has been more than 11 years since we were last together.    In just 2 days you would be turning 20 but yet in my heart you remain forever 8.   A lot has happened over the past decade… your brothers have grown into great young men. Patrick graduates college this year, Eddie graduates from high school, and your “baby” Joey is in 7th grade.  They are kind, caring people, and bring me joy every day, I am such a lucky mom.   Dad is his same old self, still loves to tease us all — over the past decade he has taken up running and also makes wooden bowls, I think you would love his bowls since you enjoyed creating things also.  We all miss you and I’m sure we all wonder what life in the Scott house would be like if you were still with us.

Honestly, Alex, I miss you so much sometimes it literally hurts to think about you.   But, I know you were always worried about me so I want to tell you I am doing really well.   Life has been very good to us, with our supportive family we have always had (many of them are here tonight to celebrate with us), and  so many wonderful friends, both old and new. OH, and I should mention that the work you left us with Alex’s Lemonade Stand has kept us pretty busy.  I hate to call it work because it has been a gift--  not only do we get to see your inspiration and impact every single day, but we get to meet extraordinary people who remind us of the wonderful world we live in, filled with generosity and hope.   But, what is truly a gift, is the way your simple wish to help other kids with cancer, has become a major force in the fight against childhood cancer.  Alex, your life has touched and continues to touch countless lives in ways you will never know. I am sorry that you aren’t here to see it all, I truly am.  But the good news is that we are all committed to making sure that other kids have the chances you did not have to see their dreams come true.

Tonight is perfect, the room looks amazing, we have a full house of supporters, and we are recognizing some extraordinary people who share your commitment to helping kids with cancer.

I wish you were here to celebrate with us, I wish you were here to just be my daughter, forget the lemonade, we could drink margaritas together! Well almost, you technically would only be turning 20☺.

But seriously, Alex, thank you. Thank you for everything, your life and your inspiration.  We all appreciate what you created and we promise we will carry it forward until there’s a cure.

And Happy Birthday,

I love you,

Mom

Help Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation raise awareness of childhood cancer and the need for research to find cures! Every day 250 kids, all around the world, die from cancer. Share this graphic by selecting the share buttons (below).  Thank you for making a difference for children battling cancer! 

 

January 18th is Alex Scott's birthday. To commemorate the occasion, below is the transcipt of a speech Liz Scott, Alex's mom, gave at the 2015 L.A. Loves Alex's Lemonade event. We believe it captures the spirit of Alex and why we fight everyday to find a cure. 

It is such an honor to be here with you and have your support. I am in awe every day to see how the foundation has grown and the impact we are all having…

Our three boys started school this week, and while I was anxious for them – hoping that they like their new teachers and worrying about my son who is now driving to school - I couldn’t help but reflect on what Alex would be doing now. She would be a 19-year-old woman, maybe on her way to college to study her second year of fashion design or music performance. I hate to admit it’s hard to imagine her as she would be. 19 is so different from the 8-year-old girl I remember. So, instead of trying to imagine her as she would be today, I decided to take a look back to remind myself of the person she was in her life.  I looked through some photos and old writings I had done and came across the eulogy that Jay and I had written for her. It made me laugh, cry and remember the things I miss the most about her. It is those unique qualities that only a parent would know that I think of when I am missing Alex the most.  In fact, those qualities are what made her the person she was – she was more than a hero with a lemonade stand, she was a little girl just like any other little girl, with her own plans, dreams, and personality.  

It reminded me that every few years I like to dust it off and share it with others, to remind us all that Alex was more than her lemonade stand-

This is the Alex we knew and loved:

From the beginning, Alex did things her way – she came into the world in a hurry 19 ½ years ago, arriving more than a month before her due date. The doctor told us she would likely be underweight and have to stay at the hospital for a few extra days – well, she weighed in at 7 lbs. 2 oz and left the hospital with us 24 hours later. Looking back, I think we should have known right then that there was something special about our girl….

•  Alex was bright and smart. She had a vast knowledge of medical terms and kept close track of her medications. She always knew the names and dosages of her medications, as many as 6-8 pills at a time. Believe me when I tell you she always checked on us. She often surprised us by knowing unusual facts… For example, she seldom came across a word that she did not know the meaning of,  I can recall one time when she was quick to offer an accurate explanation to her older brother Patrick of what a ficus plant is . She also was a great problem solver and would sometimes chime in with a solution to a tricky math or word problem; and

•  Alex was protective. So much so that she earned herself the nickname “mother”. Her  watching over of all of us was most often accompanied by loads of advice, phrased in an adorable way “I really don’t think I would do that if I were you…” or “Do you think that is such a great idea?” or, my personal favorite, “ I’ve told you a million times not to do that!”

•  Alex was determined. When her younger brother Joey was born someone sent us a baby swing.  Jay was trying to put the swing together and got very frustrated because there were no directions included. He left the room and said “I give up, I can’t put this thing together” When he returned to the room some time later he found  Alex, with the swing put together.  She said “I just need a screwdriver to tighten the screws.”  She said “you should never give up, it’s never good to give up”

•  Alex was funny.  One of her aunts was visiting shortly before Alex died and  we were trying to pick a movie to watch.  Her aunt recommended a movie but then quickly said, “actually I don’t think it is a good idea”.  When Alex asked her “why”  she said, “Well, it is kind of depressing.” Alex immediately turned to look at her and said “trust me, I can handle depressing.”

•  Alex was confident. She believed she could do anything; even it was a physical challenge for her or an obstacle to overcome. She often said that if she could just get an audition for American Idol, she could definitely make it into the top 10. She was also confident that she was capable of defending herself and others against any dangers, after all, she would say, “I know karate.”

•  Alex was courageous. Despite often struggling with pain, fatigue, and other side effects, Alex rarely complained. As a matter of fact,  when over hearing me answer questions about how she was feeling  she would usually chime in and say – “tell them I am fine. I am fine.” She showed this courage everyday, insisting that she was fine, always telling us not to worry about her.

•  Alex was wise.  Jay once gave her the suggestion that she might want to try walking with the help of crutches because it might allow her get around faster. Without hesitation she said “ haven’t you ever heard the story of the tortoise and the hare?” When he paused to think, she looked him in the eye and said with a smirk on her face “slow and steady wins the race.”

•  Alex was thoughtful and kind. I will always remember the last  Mothers’ Day that she was with us, when she secretly bought me earrings, with the help of my mother. When I woke up on Mother’s day, there she was at my bedside with a huge smile on her face and the earrings in her hand.

•  Alex was a girl with plans –– she was looking forward to showing her baby brother Joey some of her favorite places to visit when he got older;  she was looking forward to attending the first day of school alongside her big brother Patrick when she felt better.  She planned on learning how to swim, cross stitch, and walk again.

•  Alex was a girl with dreams – She wanted to be a world traveler and she dreamed of going to the Grand Canyon with the family and to Paris with me. She dreamed of attending college but living in an apartment so she could have as many pets as she wanted; she promised her brother Eddie that, even though she wouldn’t let him live with her when they grew up as he suggested, he could visit as much as he wanted as long as he called first); She wanted to marry her prince charming and have a family, she even put her plans of becoming an astronaut on hold because she thought she would miss her kids too much on her long trips to outer space; She even dreamed of a cure for childhood cancer.

•  And certainly, Alex was an inspiration – Her bravery and composure throughout her life inspired all of us to be stronger, better people. Her efforts to raise money and awareness for childhood cancer while she fought so terribly against her own cancer inspired all of us to help her cause. Her love of life inspired all of us to love our lives.

So many times we have heard people say that Alex lost her battle with cancer. We believe that this could not be farther from the truth.

Alex won her battle in so many ways … by facing her cancer everyday but still managing to be a kid;  by not letting cancer take away her plans and dreams, by making the most of every day;   and …of course by leaving an incredible legacy of hope for a cure for others and empowering everyday kids and their families to share her dream.  She was a hero for sure, but she was also just a little girl. A little girl that we love and miss every day.  

And sadly, we are not alone.  Every single day approximately 150 kids in the world die from cancer . All of these kids are heroic and amazing  and they too have unique qualities that are hard to describe,  just like the kids in your lives, things we love about them and things that can drive us insane, they have great moments, they have bad moments, and typical childhood fears, hopes and dreams.   It is wonderful that they are heroic and strong, but in my opinion it would be far better if they didn’t have to be.. and they could just be kids. That is why Alex started her stand, that is why we continue and that is why we are here tonight.   Thank you all for being here and investing in cures for all kids.

Now is the perfect time to book your 2016 Lemonade Stand!  

Celebrate the Martin Luther King Day of Service by planning your Lemonade Stand fundraiser to support Alex ‘s Lemonade Stand Foundation for Childhood Cancer.   This year, the Martin Luther King Day of Service also coincides with our founder’s birthday. On January 18, we celebrate the day Alexandra “Alex” Scott was born and her lasting legacy of hope for a cure for all children battling cancer. 

Alex also believed that kids could make a real impact and if everyone pitched in, cures would be found, one lemonade stand at the time.  If everyone hosts one small lemonade stand—the donations will add up to millions of dollars for childhood cancer research.

At ALSF, we use the donations raised at lemonade stands to fund innovative, cutting edge scientific research. Our Scientific Advisory Board reviews and chooses the best, most promising projects for all types of childhood cancer.  Your lemonade stands fund breakthroughs for children waiting on cures. 

Hosting a Lemonade Stand is an amazing way to get your children involved with a service project.  Children can be involved and lead every step of the process from picking a date, spreading the word, mixing the lemonade, manning the stand and collecting donations that will be used for childhood cancer research. 

Not sure where to begin? We have some great resources to get you started!

1. Pick a Date and a Place
You can plan your stand for the warmer spring and summer days ahead. Host a winter stand (serving hot chocolate or apple cider).  Or host a stand during Lemonade Days 2016, from June 10-12, 2016, joining thousands of families around the world in a weekend of lemonade and hope for children battling childhood cancer.  You can host your lemonade stand anywhere you want! Your front yard is a great place. Many public locations—parks, schools, businesses or community festivals are great options too! 

2. Register Your Stand!
Registering your stand is quick, easy and free! You can register right here for a stand during Alex's Lemonade Days or pick another date throughout the year and register here

3. Spread the word!
Once you have your date and your location, spread the word. Share your plans on social media, set up a Facebook event, email everyone in your address work, print, post and share flyers and let everyone know when they can stop by for a cup of lemonade and help support Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation! Share your fundraising page and ask out of town supporters to buy a virtual cup of lemonade, by making an online donation. 

4. Gather Your Supplies
Not sure what you need? We’ve compiled a list of all the supplies you need for your stand. Plus, you will receive an awesome fundraising kit from us with banners and supplies to make your Lemonade Stand shine!

5. Host the stand and collect donations
On your big day, smile! You are making a huge difference for children battling cancer. Every donation—whether 50 cents or $15, adds up to funds for innovative research. (Every $50 funds 1 hours of research!) Mix your lemonade, collect donations and help serve up a cure!  

And share your stand pictures with us on social media! We love to hear what you are doing and see your amazing lemonade stands.

Happy Birthday to Alex Scott and Happy Lemonade to all of you!

Though the cold temperatures make us all want to hibernate, childhood cancer doesn’t sleep through the winter months. There are many ways to keep fighting the battle against childhood cancer during the winter months of the year. Here are some wintry fun ideas:

  1. Turn your lemonade stand into a hot beverage stand! Sell hot tea with lemon, hot cocoa or hot soup (chicken broth with noodles can be inexpensive) at a stand. (Register to host a stand here!)

  2. Hold a winter carnival in your town and set up a stand, games, food and music. Suggest a donation to attend.

  3. Sell lemon snow cones!

  4. Have a sledding contest and ask for a donation to enter. The fastest sled wins half of all the money collected and the other half goes toward ALSF.

  5. Set up a table at a craft fair and sell homemade crafts for a donation.

  6. Shovel snow, rake leaves or walk dogs for a donation.

  7. Have a "Wear Yellow" dress down day at work or school to spread awareness of childhood cancer and ALSF.  Charge money to dress down (in jeans, pajamas, or sweat clothes).

  8. Host a school band/choir event where attendees can donate at the door.

  9. Have a raffle for a prize that a local business donates. You can sell tickets and draw from a hat/box. The person with that raffle ticket wins the prize and then you can donate all the money you collected from the tickets to ALSF.

  10. Host a chili cook-off and have contestants pay to enter.

  11. Hold a pancake breakfast or spaghetti dinner for a fee at your school or community center.

  12. Organize a 3-on-3 basketball or other sport tournament.

  13. Host a designer handbag bingo night!

  14. Hold a lemonade stand, bake sale or plant sale at your business or school's event.

  15. Host a Lemon Cocktail Party and ask guests to donate...a grown up version of the lemonade stand!

  16. Hold a silent auction for prizes that local businesses donate.

  17. Penny Walk - Ask everyone at your school to bring in change and see if you can line up the change to wrap around the entire building. Then you can donate your change!

  18. Host a snow sculpture contest.

  19. Set up a virtual lemonade stand on our website and ask people to donate online: www.AlexsLemonade.org/register/stand

  20. Have students sell their artwork at an art show!

  21. Set up a winter walk-a-thon and get pledge money for each mile or lap walked.

  22. Have an ALSF Birthday party.

  23. Host an ice skating party with a lemon theme.

  24. Host a lemonade storytime! Read "Alex and the Amazing Lemonade Stand" to others in your school, family, or community to help spread childhood cancer awareness. Serve lemonade afterwards (for a donation!)

  25.  Knit or crochet some yellow hats, scarves and gloves. Sell for a donation!

Happy New Year! 

It has been over 10 years since Alex first held her lemonade stand and began a movement that would change the world. This past year has proved to be both inspiring and productive as we fight to find a cure for childhood cancer. 

In 2015, more reports of scientific breakthroughs began flowing in at a rapid pace, as the grants funded by ALSF resulted in amazing, innovative discoveries. Zach, a boy who battled lymphoma, found his cure because of research into the ALK gene.  This work is made possible by the support of donors, sponsors and volunteers. This work is Alex’s hope realized!

2015 was an incredible year!  Here are 10 highlights:

1. Our amazing lemonade stand hosts, donors, corporate sponsors and volunteers helped us raise $21 million towards finding a cure. 

2. The 9th Annual Lemon Ball in January 2015, put ALSF officially over the $100 million total lifetime fundraising mark. It was an inspiring night of hope, celebration and joy as we all move closer to a cure for all children. 

3. In 2015, ALSF funded more than 88 new research projects, resulting in more than 550 projects funded in 10 years. 

4. In 2015, there were over 6,700 lemonade stands held by volunteers in the United States and around the world.

5. During our 3rd annual Alex’s Million Mile event in September, 15,000 participants logged 963,966 miles. 

6. Since 2008, the ALSF Travel Fund has helped children get to treatment by supplying 530 flights, 3,400 nights of lodging and 18,000 gas cards.

7. ALSF held its 7th Childhood Cancer Symposium—a day of resources, education and camaraderie for our Hero Families.

8. SuperSibs, our program for the siblings of children battling cancer, accepted 800 referrals representing 581 families from 175 institutions. 

9. Our special events continued to grow! The inaugural Striking Out Childhood Cancer event in Northern California raised over $93,000. L.A. Loves Alex’s Lemonade, a foodie event held annually in Los Angeles, raised $1 million. And Lemon: Chicago, another signature culinary event, raised more than $300,000. 

10. Alex's Lemonade Days 2015 was celebrated across the country and the around the world with over 2,500 lemonade stands and raised over $1 million. (Save the Date for Alex's Lemonade Days 2016 from June 10-12, 2016

Happy New Year and best wishes to an even more productive 2016!

The Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation Hero Families are inspirational families who have a child who has fought or is fighting cancer. These families not only drive ALSF in its fight for childhood cancer cures; these families are also some of our most dedicated supporters. 

Heather Banaszek works for ALSF as the Community Outreach Specialist in Northern California. Heather is also the mom to her daughter Gabrielle and to her son C.J.  C.J. battled chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), an adult leukemia that is very rare in children. When he was just 13 years old, C.J. passed away from a fungal infection that was a complication of his treatment. 

CML is a cancer of the white blood cells that starts inside the bone marrow.  It accounts for less than three-percent of all childhood leukemia types. 

This year, in honor of what would have been C.J.’s 15th birthday, the Banaszeks hosted one of ALSF’s special events, Striking Out Childhood Cancer in Petaluma, California. Held on October 18, 2015, the inaugural birthday bowling bash was a smashing success, raising over $90,000 for childhood cancer research.  

We interviewed Heather about her inspirational son C.J. and Striking Out Childhood Cancer. 

Tell us about C.J.—his favorite things, what he loved (and did not love), what made him laugh:
C.J.  had a wonderful sense of humor.  He loved to make people laugh with his quick and sarcastic wit.  He loved to write, draw, and build Legos.  He completed the Lego Death Star (3,803 pieces) in his first ten days in the hospital for his second (and ultimately third) bone marrow transplant.  He had a great group of friends. Even though he was a naturally quiet kid (his nickname was Mouse), kids were really drawn to him.  However, his best friend was his sister, Gabrielle.  They slept in bunk beds and talked every night after I tucked them in.

Can you tell us more about C.J.’s diagnosis and treatment?
C.J. was diagnosed with CML, chronic myelogenous leukemia. It is an adult leukemia and very rare in children. He did very well during his first bone marrow transplant and was home in a record five weeks. He felt good and we thought he was on the road to recovery. Then he relapsed a short two months later. It was decided that he needed a second bone marrow transplant, so he went in again.  The second one never engrafted, so we went back to the original donor and asked him to donate again and he agreed. So C.J. had a third bone marrow transplant and it worked again!  However, severe graft vs. host disease followed and he was in the hospital for 8 ½ months straight as they chased symptom after symptom.  Finally he was released and we went home where I did the majority of his nursing. What we didn’t realize is that during that long time in the hospital when the new marrow wasn’t engrafting, he acquired a fungal infection.  Ultimately that fungal infection spread to his brain and he was put on hospice and passed away.

How did C.J.’s journey inspire you?
For a quiet kid nicknamed the Mouse, he was the strongest of us all.  He did everything the doctors asked with a thumbs up. He continued to care about others throughout his long ordeal and rarely complained as I don’t think he wanted any of us to feel bad.  He inspires each of us in our family to be better people and to work harder every day.

How did you come up with the idea of a bowling fundraiser?
It was my husband’s idea.  He has a friend from college who lost a son and had advised to do something positive to stay busy on his birthday. Cas (my husband) was working out at the gym one day watching Sports Center and saw a clip about a bowling fundraiser and the idea was born. C.J. loved to bowl, and it seemed like a perfect way to celebrate him and his birthday while raising money and helping to continue his fight.

How did you get the word out about your event? 
C.J. has a huge following.  Shortly after he was diagnosed, we started a Facebook page called CJ Updated. He now has nearly 800 members of the group.  We used that as well as our personal Facebook pages, and I sent a lot of direct emails.  We also hung posters at shops around town and received a couple writeups in the local newspaper, The Argus Courier.

How much did you raise? How many people attended?
Over 300 people attended, and as of this writing, we have raised over $90,000. 

Can you tell me about your role at ALSF and some of the other community outreach efforts in your region?
The bulk of my work in this first year (my one year anniversary will be in January) was been focused on schools.  C.J. was much like Alex and very well-known so there are a lot of people who are reaching out to me and asking to help and host lemonade stands.  I have also had the pleasure of reconnecting with UCSF where C.J. was treated and talking with some of the ALSF-funded researchers.

What advice would you give to another hero family who wants to make a difference?   
Search your heart for what will make you feel good and for what will help you feel like you are making a difference. If your child is still fighting, continue to make them the priority. Your family probably has a lot on its plate, and if treatment interrupts your plans for a lemonade stand or other event, that's okay. Don't put too much pressure on yourself.  If your child is able, let them be part of the process and allow them to feel the pride of making a difference.

 

Meet Zach Witt, a 10-year old who loves baseball. 
When Zach was 5 years old, he was diagnosed with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), an extremely rare type of non-Hodgkins lymphoma. While still in treatment, Zach’s lymphoma relapsed. As Zach became sicker and his prognosis worsened, his parents felt out of options. Traditional chemotherapy was not working and, in fact, was making Zach sicker.  Zach was weak and his body failing. 

It was a race against time. 

Understanding Zach’s Disease. 
ALCL accounts for ten percent of all childhood lymphomas. ALCL, like all lymphomas, is a cancer that affects the cells of the immune system, specifically a type of white blood cell called lymphocytes.  ALCL can first manifest itself with flu-like symptoms that disappear and reappear at random. It can also cause swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpit and less frequently, the groin. 

One day, Zach complained that a bump on his arm hurt. His parents discovered a large bump in his armpit. Within a few days and after diagnostic testing, Zach had a diagnosis - ALCL.   Treatment began immediately and Zach was in and out of the hospital for months.  

While the chemotherapy made him sick, his cancer seemed to be responding. 

Then, quite suddenly, Zach developed flu-like symptoms.  Doctors confirmed that his cancer had relapsed. 

Desperate for a Breakthrough.
As Zach continued to decline, it was clear that the standard chemotherapy protocol was not forcing his cancer into remission.  Zach was quickly running out of options.

Doctors told Zach’s parents about a promising clinical trial using a drug called crizotinib, which was traditionally used to treat lung cancer in adults. Doctors thought this new treatment could work for Zach.  It was the last sliver of hope for Zach. His parents took the risk. Within a few days, Zach was running up and down the halls of the hospital. 

Zach’s cancer disappeared.

                           MEET ZACH - WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW

The Science. 
Genetic testing has become a powerful tool in the prevention and treatment of cancer.  After diagnosis, genetic testing that help doctors pinpoint targeted treatments that may lead to a cure. 

Genetic testing revealed that Zach’s cancer was fueled by an abnormal gene called ALK. Other types of cancer, including neuroblastoma, lung, renal and soft tissue cancers, are also ALK positive.   

The Breakthrough. 
Funded by Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation, researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia theorized that crizotinib, which was approved in 2011 to treat lung cancer in adults, could be the hope children battling ALK-positive lymphoma needed.  Crizotinib inhibits the ALK gene, stopping it from fueling cancer growth.  Yael Mosse, MD, led the research team. 

Nearly 30 children enrolled in the clinical trial, including Zach. And he was not the only child who got their cure—seven out of eight children enrolled in the trial with the same type of cancer as Zach received the same miraculous results.  Crizotinib is targeted therapy; as a result it has fewer effects on healthy tissue.  Unlike traditional IV chemotherapy, crizotinib is a pill and has minimal toxicities associated with it. Within days of taking the pill, children had reduced fevers, chills and pains. 

More Breakthroughs, One Cup At A Time.
Research into the ALK gene’s role in ALCL was funded one cup at a time, by our generous supporters. There are over a dozen different types and countless subtypes of childhood cancer. By studying specific genes that cause childhood cancers and developing treatments to target them, we can find safer, more effective cures. ALSF’s research grants program selects the most promising, innovative programs to fund. 

Every hour of research costs $50 and brings us closer to cures for all children. Inspired to join the fight? Donate here. Every donation, every dollar counts in our battle to find breakthroughs for all children. ​

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