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Defining the Cell Surface Landscape of Diagnostic and Relapsed Neuroblastoma: Immunotherapeutic Target Identification

Institution: 
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Researcher(s): 
Sharon Diskin, PhD
Grant Type: 
Innovation Grants
Year Awarded: 
2017
Type of Childhood Cancer: 
Neuroblastoma
Project Description: 

Background
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a childhood cancer of the developing sympathetic nervous system that is often fatal. Despite intense therapy, the survival rate for high-risk NB remains less than 50% and relapsed NB is almost universally incurable. Utilizing one's immune system to fight cancer has shown remarkable results in both childhood and adult malignancies. Ideal immunotherapeutic targets are proteins expressed on the surface of cancerous cells, but absent on normal cells. 

Project Goal
Here, we will apply state-of-the-art proteomic approaches together with DNA and RNA sequencing in NB patient tumor samples to define the landscape of cell surface expression in NB at diagnosis and relapse. Normal tissue expression will be evaluated in 7,859 samples and NB-specific cell surface proteins will be validated, characterized and prioritized for possible downstream therapy development. The expected outcomes of this project include 1) delivery of the definable landscape of cell surface protein expression in NB, including how these proteins evolve under the pressure of chemotherapy, and 2) a high confidence set of validated NB cell surface proteins to undergo downstream assessment of suitability for immunotherapeutic targeting. As a result, this work will have a sustained and positive impact on the treatment and outcome of children with NB and potentially other high-risk childhood cancers.